Early Illinois Women

Selected Timeline

1818-1918 - The First 100 Years

1818
1818
Act of Congress creates the state of Illinois
1820
1822
Christiana Holmes Tillson moves to Montgomery County, Illinois
1830
1832
Black Hawk War
Mother Sough arrives in Peoria
1835
Monticello Seminary, the first Illinois institution for higher education of women is founded at Godfrey
Kate Perry moves to Fulton County, Illinois
1836
Sophia M. Chase moves to Illinois
1837
Mahala Blounts Mills moves to Fulton County, Illinois
1840
1842
Emma Hale Smith forms the Female Relief Society in the Mormon settlement at Nauvoo
1844
Illinois women form first anti-slavery society
1845
Jacksonville Female Academy (established in 1830) receives a charter
1846
Mexican War
1847
Illinois Female College in Jacksonville is granted a charter
1850
1851
Illinois Central Railroad Company issued a charter
1853
First State Fair held in Springfield
1854
Sarah M. Hayden's first novel is published
1857
Amateur des Belles Lettres Literary Society founded at Monmouth College
Illinois State Board of Education formed
Illinois State Normal School established
1860
1861
Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President of the United States
Civil War begins
1862
Jennie Hodger (A.K.A. Albert Cashier) enlists as a man in Company G, 95th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and fights in 40 battles over the next 3 years.
1863
Mary Ann Ball "Mother" Bickerdyke is the sole women nursing wounded Union soldiers at the battle of Lookout Mountain in Tennessee
1865
Civil War ends
Abraham Lincoln assassinated
1869
National Woman Suffrage Association founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
Myra Bradwell's application to the Illinois Bar is refused; Bradwell v. Illinois was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, where Bradwell lost.
1870
1870
Illinois Wesleyan University admits first female students
1871
Great Chicago Fire
1874
Ten Illinois women are elected County Superintendents of Schools. This election followed an 1873 statute recognizing women's eligibility to hold school office.
Sarah Raymond becomes superintendent of Bloomington school district
1877
Louisa McCall becomes Director of First National Bank of Canton, Illinois
1880
1881
Aurora is first city in the world to light streets with electricity
1882
Mahala Phelps becomes the first librarian of Macomb Public Library.
1886
Haymarket Riot at Chicago
1890
1890
Myra H. Bradwell is finally admitted to the Illinois bar.
1891
Ellen Annette Martin uses a loophole in the 1869 Lombard town charter to be the first woman to vote in the state of Illinois.
1893
Ida B. Wells-Barnett publishes A Red Record presenting detailed information about lynching in the American South.
1895
Elizabeth Miner graduates from Medical College
1898
Death of Frances E. Willard, eminent lecturer and social reformer; Willard was the first dean of women at Northwestern University
1898
Spanish-American War
1899
Amanda Berry Smith opens Illinois' first orphanage for African American children in Harvey, Illinois.
1899
Justinia Carter Ford graduates from Hering Medical College, Chicago.
1900
1902
Annie Turnbo Malone moves Poro College to Chicago
1903
Mary Curtis Wheeler named to board of directors of the State Association of Graduate Nurses
1904
Harriet Vittum begins work at the Northwestern Settlement House
1908
Caroline Grote named Dean of Women, Western Illinois State Teachers College
1910
1913
Illinois Women's Suffrage Act passes making Illinois the first state east of the Mississippi River to allow women the right to vote in Presidential elections.
1914
Josie Westfall's election to City Judge is overturned by Illinois State Supreme Court
1917
World War I begins
1918
Influenza Epidemic

 

1919 - current - The Second 100 Years

1919
1919
U.S. House of Representatives & U. S. Senate pass the Nineteenth Amendment. The amendment would be ratified in 1920, giving women the right to vote.


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This page last updated: February 7, 2008